Plants are complex living things, just as we are.

Plant parts

There are many parts to a plant, including:


Photosynthesis is the process plants use to make glucose, using sunlight, minerals and water.

It starts in the leaves of the plant, where sunlight is absorbed. Using the sunlight, the plant makes chlorophyll. The chlorophyll then reacts with carbon dioxide to make glucose (sugar) that the plant uses as food. Oxygen is a by-product of this process.


Germination is how a plant starts to grow. For a plant to germinate, it needs to have the following:

Most plants germinate from a seed, but there are other germination types, including from: