Ghana is a country in Africa with a population of 28 million people. The country has a large economy compared to some other countries in Africa.

Country Profile

Population: 28 million
Land mass (square miles): 92,497
Capital city: Accra
Official language: English
Religion: Christianity
Currency: Ghanaian cedi (GHS)
Leader: Nana Akufo-Addo

Physical geography

Ghana is home to 28 million people. It is bordered by the Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Togo and the Gulf of Guinea. There are several land types that can be found in Ghana, including plains, low hills and rivers. Ghana has the largest artificial lake in the world, Lake Volta.

A map showing Ghana and bordering countries.

Plants and animals

Ghana is home to a wide variety of plants and animals. In Ghana, you can find many different animals, including elephants, lions, hyenas, leopards, antelope, buffalo, chimpanzees and snakes.



Ghana has a large manufacturing sector, which makes everything from cars to ships. It also processes petrol and natural gas, and products such as cocoa beans are also grown and processed here.

Mineral mining

Ghana is one of the biggest mineral-mining countries, producing more gold than any other African country except for South Africa. There are lots of other minerals that are mined, including oil, silver, natural gas and diamonds.

An oil extraction plant off the coast of Ghana
An oil extraction plant off the coast of Ghana