The medieval era was a time of castles, plague, war and peaches.
You might have heard of this in the news. In 2015, we celebrated 800 years of the Magna Carta. It took place in 1215 in Runnymede, Kent. The Barons didn’t like the way that King John was ruling the country so, what do you do? That’s right. You complain. The Barons wrote a huge document called the Magna Carta.
How was King John ruling the country?
King John raised taxes and ate a lot of peaches. That’s right! And he died from drinking too much cider and peaches.
What did the Magna Carta contain?
It had all the rules that King John must’ve followed. He signed it, just to keep the Barons happy. The Barons would have a civil war if he didn’t sign. It is in English but in Middle English. So, if you ever get your hands on a copy of the Magna Carta (not off the internet) then go to a local historical museum and give it to them (in return of millions of pounds).
In 2011, the original copy of the Magna Carta was found. It was valued at £20 million! Looks like that man went home happy!
There was little progress in medicine in the medieval era. Why? It was because of the Church, which was a big part of medieval life. They said that Galen’s teachings were right.
Who was Galen?
Good question. Galen was a Greek philosopher, so he died long before the medieval era. But they still believed the things that he said about the structure of the human body, which was largely based on the structure of animals thanks to the fact that the Church banned the dissection of the human body.