Easter is the time of year where Christians from around the world celebrate Jesus rising from the dead. Many people feast on chocolate eggs. But it’s not all about the chocolate, as some people might think. In order to find out why Easter is celebrated, we must go back 2000 years to when Jesus was alive.

A basket of decorated easter eggs | By IkonactOwn work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Wikipedia

The story behind Easter

The Passover meal

The story starts with Jesus and his friends getting ready for Passover. (Jesus was Jewish.) While this was happening, Jewish priests and officials were at the House of Caiaphas, discussing how to capture and kill Jesus without causing a fuss. They didn’t like how popular Jesus was and worried about loosing some of their power. As well as this, they didn’t believe he was the Son of God.

One of Jesus’ 12 disciples, Judas, asked a chief priest how much money he would get if he betrayed Jesus. He said they would pay him 30 silver coins.

On the first day of Passover, the disciples asked Jesus when they would eat their Passover meal. He told them to “go into the city and find a man carrying a water jar and tell him, ‘Our Master says, my time has come, and I will eat the Passover meal with my disciples at your house’.”

Later that day, whilst Jesus was eating the Passover meal, he broke up some bread and said:

This is my body, which is for you. Do this in remembrance of me.

Corinthians 11:24

He also said something similar about wine, which represented his blood.

Mount of Olives

Once they had finished the meal and sung a hymn, Jesus and his disciples went to the nearby Mount of Olives. He told his disciples that on that night they would run away and leave Jesus. Peter replied by saying that even if everyone else left him, he never would. Jesus said, “Tonight, before the rooster crows, you will say three times that you don’t know me.”

He then took his disciples to a place called Gethsemane and told them to sit down whilst he prayed. An hour later, when he finished praying, he went back over to his disciples, who were sleeping. Jesus asked them, “Why are you sleeping? Couldn’t you stay awake for one hour? Watch and pray so that you will not fall into temptation, for your spirit is willing, but your body is weak.”

Once again, he went back to his disciples and found that they were asleep. Annoyed, Jesus went back to pray for the third time. When he came back, they were still asleep. He told them:

Are you still going to sleep and take your ease? In a moment you will see the Son of Man betrayed into the hands of evil men. Wake up, let us be going! Look, here comes my betrayer!

Matthew 26:45

Betrayal

Meanwhile, Judas had gone to the high priests and soldiers, who asked how they would know who is Jesus. He told them that whichever one he kissed was Jesus, and should be arrested. When they arrived where Jesus was, Judas went to Jesus, kissed him and said “Greetings, teacher!”

They arrested Jesus.

He was taken to the Court of the High Priest (Caiaphas), the law teachers and the Jewish elders. Peter followed on from a distance.

The priests and the Jewish Parliament brought in witnesses who told lies about Jesus. Nothing could be proved, yet Jesus didn’t try to defend himself. The high priest then said: “Are you the Son of God?” Jesus replied: “You say that I am.” There was outrage. The other priests were calling for Jesus to be killed because of what he said.

Do you know Jesus?

In the courtyard, a servant girl came up to Peter and said that he was with Jesus. Afraid of being arrested, Peter said that he wasn’t. Another girl told the people around her that Peter was with Jesus.

The people standing around the gate said that his Galilean accent gave him away. Peter then cried: “I don’t know Jesus!” A rooster then crowed. Peter then remembered what Jesus had told him, before going outside and crying.

They took Jesus to the Roman Governor, Pilate, to ask him to sentence Jesus to death. He asked Jesus if he thought he was the king of the Jews. Jesus replied: “Those are your words.” The priests and the elders continued to accuse Jesus. Pilate was stunned at Jesus not defending himself: “Don’t you hear how they’re accusing you?” Jesus didn’t reply.

Not sure of what he should do with Jesus, since he hadn’t actually done anything wrong, he sent him to King Herod. He was pleased that Jesus had been arrested and started to ask him questions. Herod started to make fun of him by getting soldiers to beat him up. Afterwards, he then sent him back to Pilates, also not knowing what to do with him.

Release the prisoner!

Around Passover time, the governor usually released one Jewish prisoner, who was chosen by ordinary people. There was a widely known prisoner called Barabbas. Pilate asked the crowd of ordinary people who they wanted to see released. Led by the priests, they cried “Barabbas!”

He then asked the crowd what they want to be done with Jesus, who claimed to be the King of the Jews. Also led by the priests, they cried: “Crucify him!” When he asked them why, he got the same response. Pilates then gave up and washed his hands with some nearby water. Pilates released Barabbas, Jesus was flogged and sentence to death by hanging on the cross (crucifixion.)

The soldiers took him to the palace where they put a red robe on him and rammed on a crown made of thorns. They mocked him, spat on him before beating him up and sending him away to be crucified.

Hanging him on the cross

When he arrived at “Golgotha, or The Place of the Skull, where executions took place, they offered Jesus cheap wine to ease the pain. After he tasted it, he refused to drink it. Once they had nailed him to the cross, the Jewish rulers asked him why he wouldn’t save himself. He could, after all – he was the King of the Jews, right?

They then carved out on his cross, in Greek, Latin and Hebrew: “THIS IS JESUS, THE KING OF THE JEWS.” Whilst this was happening, Jesus prayed to God:

Father, forgive them, for they don’t know what they are doing.

Luke 23:34

Next to Jesus, two thieves were being crucified. One of them insults Jesus by saying: “If you’re the Christ, why don’t you save yourselves, and us too?” The other thief said: “Aren’t you afraid of God? We’re being hung because we did something wrong but this man hasn’t.” He then asked Jesus to remember him when he came into “his kingdom.”

Jesus replied by telling him that he would be in heaven with him today. At 12pm that day, the thief who had told Jesus that he had done wrong died. From then until 3pm, the sun didn’t shine. At 3pm, Jesus cried out: “It is finished!” and he died. A Roman centurion who was watching Jesus said: “Surely this man must be the son of God!”

Three crucifixes

Burial of Jesus’s body

The next day was the Jewish Holy Day, Sabbath, so the Jews didn’t want the bodies to be left on the crosses. Joseph of Arimathea, an important council member, asked for Jesus’s body. Joseph and another council member wrapped the body in cloth, and put it within a tomb inside Joseph’s garden. The Romans put their best guards outside this tomb. In order to stop followers taking the body and claiming he had come back to life, they rolled a large stone outside the entrance of the tomb.

Early the next morning, Mary and a few other of Jesus’ followers went to the tomb to sprinkle some spices in order to stop the body from smelling bad when it rotted away.

But his body wasn’t there.

And the stone guarding the outside of the tomb had been rolled aside.

The women were scared. But the men said that he had risen from the dead, like he said he would. They ran off to tell the disciples what had happened. But when they told them, most of the disciples simply laughed and didn’t believe them.

The empty tomb

Peter and John did, and ran off to the tomb. Back at the tomb, Mary was crying. She turned her back from the tomb and saw Jesus. He asked her why she was crying. Thinking it was the gardener, she replied, “If you took his body away, then could you tell me where it is so I can see him?”

She turned around and saw it actually was Jesus. “Rabboni! [Teacher!]” she cried. Mary tried to hug him, but Jesus stopped her and said:

Do not hold on to me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father [God]. Go instead to my brothers and tell them, ‘I am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.’

John 20:17

Mary then went back and told the disciples that Jesus was alive!

Later that day, two of his followers were walking to Emmaus, a town 7 miles (11km) away from Jerusalem. They were chatting about what had happened with Jesus over the past few days.

A stranger, who was actually Jesus, came up to them and asked them what they were talking about. Not recognising it was actually Jesus, they told him about how Jesus was alive and how his tomb was empty. The two men, still not recognising Jesus, asked if he wanted to stay for the night, as it was getting late.

The Last Supper

When they sat down at dinner, they realised that the man was Jesus. The two men then went back to Jerusalem to find the disciples.

The disciples were in a locked room because they were afraid of being found by Jewish leaders. When Jesus entered the room, they were scared, thinking he was a ghost. “A ghost doesn’t have a body,” he said. “Touch my hands where the nails went in [on the crucifix.]”

They believed it was him. He ate some fish with them and explained why he died, and he would be going back to Heaven. But he would send someone, the Holy Spirit, to live within and help all Jesus’ followers.

One disciple, Thomas, didn’t believe Jesus was alive. Until he saw the holes in his hands, he wouldn’t think he was raised from the dead.

When all the disciples were in a room again, Thomas was there. Jesus entered the room, despite the locked door.

40 days after Jesus resurrected, he and his followers went to Bethany. He prayed for his followers whilst going back to Heaven.

The disciples then went back to Jerusalem, and went into a house waiting to celebrate the Jewish harvest festival, Pentecost. Suddenly, there was a strong wind blowing inside the house. Spirits looking like a fire rested on each of the disciples. It was the Holy Spirit.

A few minutes later, they went outside to tell everyone about Jesus and what he did. People from across the world could understand them. The Holy Spirit allowed them to speak different languages.

People still tell the story of what he did to this day.

Celebrations

Easter Eggs

Many people in Christian countries, such as the UK and USA, eat chocolate Easter eggs. The egg is a popular symbol of Easter, as it symbolises Jesus’ empty tomb (see The Story behind Easter.)

How Women Got The Vote

To celebrate 100 years since women got the vote, we’ve released an eBook about how they got there. It explains how women were treated in 19th century Britain, before going on to talk about what the suffragettes did. It also has a page where there is a list of countries and in what year they granted women the vote. You can download the eBook below for free by clicking here.

 

Not In The Curriculum

Our brand-new Not In The Curriculum box will be present near the bottom of most pages. The box is being rolled out across most of our pages over the next few weeks and months. They will look something like this:

Not In The Curriculum box (What is this?)

Some content that is not in the curriculum.

What will be inside the box?

It depends on the topic covered on the page, but it will be one of the following:

What is the aim of the boxes?

The aim of the Not In The Curriculum box is to inform our users more than what is required of the subject. Whatever is in the box will be interesting – the box on the Queen Elizabeth I page is a great example.

When will we see them on all of the pages?

We won’t have them on every single page on this website, but we’ll have them on those pages on which we can include either a fact or five or how the topic is relevant to real-life. We’ve currently added it on the Queen Elizabeth I page, and we’ll roll it out to most of the other pages soon.

Will the boxes be in the app too?

Yes, they will be, just not for some time yet. (We’ll add them to the next update!)

How Women Got The Vote eBook

Hello there. At the moment, we’re working on an eBook that explains how women fought for the right to vote in the UK. As with everything we do, it’s free. We’ve come to a stage now where we are ready to release some sneek peeks of the book for you to download so you can see what it looks like. Remember, these are sneek peeks of the book as of 7th July and we could change these at any time.

To download these sneek peeks, go to the links below:
Sneek Peek 1

Sneek Peek 2

Net Neutrality

The Internet as we know it is under threat. Net neutrality rules are going to be scrapped in the USA on the 11th June unless Congress vote against it. But exactly what is net neutrality and how does it affect you?

What is net neutrality?

Net neutrality means that ISPs (Internet Service Providers) can’t block, slow down or charge for access to any website. In other words: all websites are equal (in terms of speed and access.) It also means that websites don’t need to pay ISPs in order to be accessed on the Internet.

How does it affect me?

Thanks to net neutrality, you have the right to access every website on the Internet, including this one, without me or you having to pay anything extra on top of what you pay to your ISP to get access to the Internet anyway.

What’s happened to change this?

The FCC (the people in charge of regulating communications) have scrapped the rules. This means that ISPs can now block, slow down or charge for access to any website. This means that the Internet would look a lot like cable TV, where you have to pay to watch some channels.

But don’t worry, because there is a vote in Congress on the 11th June. If more than 50% of the senators vote against scrapping net neutrality rules, then the Internet is saved! So, here’s what you can do about it:

What you can do about it

Go to battleforthenet.com and find your local senator (if you live in the USA) and see where they stand on the issue. If they are red, then tell them why you think net neutrality rules shouldn’t be scrapped. Sign petitions, spread the word on email, Facebook, Twitter, wherever.

To find out more about net neutrality and how you can stop the rules from being scrapped, go to battleforthenet.com

A message for Windows users of our app

If you have the Windows 8.1 or Windows 10 version of the app, then you may have noticed that we haven’t updated it for quite some time. Note: We’re not stopping support for the app anytime soon.

On the 1st December 2017, Windows App Studio, the online platform which we used to create our app, was shut down. We were told of this in June earlier that year. We launched the 3.6.0.0 version of our Windows version of the app in the summer before the ability to edit the apps was shut down on the 1st September.

They allowed us to download the source code of our app, which we did. The predecessor to Windows App Studio is Windows Template Studio, which requires a coding program. This will take a while for our heads to get around, but we’re determined to get version 4.0.0.0 of the app out ASAP.

Amazon App Update

Hello there. If you have downloaded our app from the Amazon appstore, you will have noticed that there are a lot of adverts in it. Also, some features may not work and there may be a lot of buffering. This is due to the fact that we used a free app builder called Mobincube.

Recently, we have released an update that changes all this. We have changed the design entirely to make it exactly the same as the WordPress theme we are building for the website. We have also removed everything annoying about the app.

So this doesn’t happen again, we have wrote every single line of code for the app ourselves. Also, we won’t need access to your camera, microphone, access to your location, “initiate a phone call without going through the Dialer user interface for the user to confirm the call being placed”, open network sockets, discover and pair bluetooth devices, access information about networks, access information about Wi-Fi networks, connect to paired bluetooth devices, read from external storage, get notified that the operating system has finished booting, read only access to device state and write to external storage. (We copied most of that list!)

Hopefully, most of these permissions won’t be required and those that stay are only so the app can work properly. We won’t record any analytics about how you’re using the app. The update is set to go live on the 11th April, and once it’s live, please download it.

Chinese New Year

Chinese New Year is a holiday celebrating the new year on the traditional Chinese calendar. It usually falls around the first new moon (when the moon gets into a cresent shape like this:)

The first new moon of the year - a start of Chinese New Year

New moon | Ed Dunens

Chinese Zodiac

The holiday is still used to tell people what animal the year will be named after (eg. 2003 and 2015 was named Year of the Sheep,) There are twelve different animals that the year can be named after: a rat, ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse, sheep, monkey, rooster, dog and pig. (2018 will be the Year of the Dog.)

SOURCE: https://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/social_customs/zodiac/

A public holiday

Like Christmas, Chinese New Year is a time for the entire family to gather round and to have a meal. Children also get gifts. But the gifts tend to be cash in red envelopes.

The celebrations used to go on for 15 days. Today, Chinese New Year is now a national holiday in China, Philippines, Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia and some parts of Thailand.

Where did it come from?

Chinese tradition said that the calendar began whilst the Yellow Emperor was ruling the country in 2637BC. However, we now know that the ways of counting the years began as early as 1250BC.

Valentine’s Day

Valentine’s Day is on the 14th February each year and celebrates love. It is named after Saint Valentine. At this time of year it is where lovers show each other their love by buying chocolate boxes or flowers.

It originated in the 14th century when Valentine pairs were formed in England. When some English people went to America, they took this custom with them. After World War 2, US soldiers brought the Valentine’s custom to the rest of Europe.

Who was Saint Valentine?

In the third century (A.D), Saint Valentine was the bishop of Italy. He performed marriages for those who would otherwise not be allowed to get married. He then gave flowers to the newly married couple from his garden – which is why we associate flowers with Valentine’s Day.

However, none of this pleased the Emperor and he was beheaded in 269AD.

Shrove Tuesday

Shrove Tuesday is the last day before Lent, which lasts for 40 days and lasts until Easter. In some countries, it is called Pancake Tuesday or Pancake Day. These are usually eaten on this day in order to use up ingredients such as fat, eggs, milk and flour.

What is Lent?

Lent is traditionally a 40-day period of fasting (going without food or drink.) However, most people who celebrate Lent simply go without any treats (sweets, chocolate, crisps etc.)

You can find out more about Lent on this page.

Welcome to our new look!

UPDATE: We’ve found a few major problems with the theme and we have now temporarily reverted back to the old one.

We have been working on this new look for months and months, and (as you can see) it is finally ready! If you have a problem with the site at any time, just go to homeworkhelpforkids.co.uk/reportaproblem and fill out the form. If there is a substantial problem with the new look, then we will temporarily revert back to the old one whilst we fix any problems.

Our new look loads faster than the old one and we believe it looks a lot better. We hope you enjoy it and if you have any problems, go to the “Report a problem” page.

Merry Christmas from Homework Help For Kids!

We wish everyone a very merry Christmas and a happy 2018. We’ve got a tonne of stuff planned for next year, including:

Merry Christmas!

Black Friday

Ah, Black Friday, one of the most busy shopping days of the year. It’s where everything is discounted big-time.

Many supermarkets are slashing their prices — and there are bargains to be made.

Bonfire Night

Remember, remember, the 5th of November, which is also known as Bonfire Night. On that night in 1605, Guy Fawkes tried to blow up the Houses of Parliament. He was eventually caught because someone had known about the plot and told the guards. Fawkes was then tortured for ten days until he died. But that isn’t the full story at all.

The threat to James I

James I (of England) was a Catholic and, after 40 years of Elizabeth’s reign, where everyone had to be Protestant or face the consequences, the Catholics were happy. But the Protestants weren’t happy and were always plotting against James so they could get a Protestant king on the throne.

A few months before the plot, James I was strongly advised to stay away from Parliament and he took that advice on board. So, really, he wasn’t in any danger at all.

Guy Fawkes thought up of the plot

Guy Fawkes was brought in by Protestants who were planning the plot because he was an explosives expert. So, in a nutshell, there were many other people involved, but Fawkes got the blame for it.

Halloween

Halloween is more than just a day where you can scare people and get loads of candy. It started off as a Celtic festival in Wales, Scotland and Ireland marking the end of summer and the beginning of a long winter.

What did they do during All Hallow’s Eve?

During the 1500s – 1800s, it was simply to burn the inedible parts of wheat, known as chaff, which was leftover from the harvest.

But over time, the bonfires were seen as guiding Christian souls in what is known as a purgatory, which is where the soul is cleansed of all sins before going to heaven. The Church also rang bells on Halloween which Henry VIII and Elizabeth I tried multiple times to stop without success.

The emigration to America

In 1845, there is a large potato famine in Ireland, forcing one million people to move to the United States, taking their traditions with them. Shortly afterwards, the earliest reference to Halloween appeared in a ladies magazine who described it as an English holiday.

At first, the Halloween traditions in the States mixed farm games and harvest traditions. The apples, which were very popular with people who played British fortune-telling games, was made into cider and served with doughnuts.
Corn became a very important part of Halloween in America. This was because corn was a huge part of American industry.

By the 20th century, scarecrows were common decorations.

Which vegetable would be used to celebrate Halloween?

Look at our logo below and you’ll find the answer:

Yes, that’s right: the humble pumpkin. They had carved these into shape in America instead of turnips, which people in the UK would have carved. Pumpkins were an American fruit, after all.

How did the Jack-o-lantern get it’s name?

The Jack-o-lantern got it’s name from a tale about a blacksmith, a person who carves metal, called Jack, who outsmarts the devil and wanders around the earth undead. This also gave Halloween it’s unique black and orange colour scheme.

And trick-or-treating?

Trick-or-treating originated from America in the 1920s.

Having a makeover

Here at Homework Help For Kids, we’re having a facelift. Why? Because we feel that the current theme takes too long to load on slow broadband connections. And also, it’s not the theme for us.

Also, you’ve been saying that the Homework Help For Kids app doesn’t have enough content on it. Well, that is all about to change.

New design

We’re working on a new design for this site. One that will fit it more than the current one. You can see it in action as we work on it at mrredblob.com/wordpress. Try to find the page “atomic structure” and give us some feedback by dropping us a line either in the comments box or at mail (at) homeworkhelpforkids(dot)co(dot)uk

The design of the Amazon app will also change and we will remove the advertising (we don’t make a penny out of the adverts) so you can finally get on with your homework.

Back to school

Going back to school after a long summer break is the hardest thing anyone could do. It can be especially scary if you’re starting secondary school.

It will be hard for the Autumn term is the longest term of the year. But you will get there. 

Our app is changing.

We are celebrating the one year anniversary of releasing our Homework Help For Kids app. And because of this, we need to make some changes. Our new features will be:
– translated pages (into Chinese, etc.)
– more relevant Geography content.
– more Maths content. 

We will also have a new user interface (Amazon only)

Summer

Summer brings the warmest months of the year. It also brings tourists, lovely beach weather and for children and students, Summer Holidays.

Flowers & Animals

This is the best time of year to see some animals. Why? Because it’s the hottest season of the year and, in the UK, there has been a dramatic increase in temperature over recent years.

If you live by the coastline, you will probably see a lot of seagulls (like you do all year round) so our best advice is: when you’re eating food outside, eat leaning against a wall. Then the gulls will have to do some pretty amazing flying to get your food!

Also, there are many different kinds of wildlife wherever you live: even if you’re in the middle of Tokyo!

Tourists and Holidays

What do you think that people do in the summer? Most of them go on holiday whether it’s somewhere in their own country or abroad. But, at the moment, due to events in recent months, prices for holidays to Turkey and other bordering countries are very low. However, prices from most locations in Spain and Portugal have increased.

To find out more about Tourism and Economic Activity, go to our Economy page

Australia and New Zealand

Things are a bit different in the Southern Hemisphere: instead of summer, they’re having winter.

The bot that helps you with your homework

We’re in the development stages of this at the moment, but we’re developing a bot that can help you with your homework free of charge.
What is a bot? | Why are we making one? | How can I access the bot? | What homework can the bot currently help me with?

What is a bot?

A bot is a computer program that you can “talk” with. There are many platforms that allow you to host bots and reach the public with including Messenger.

Why are we making a bot?

We’re always trying to find new ways to help you with your piles of homework. Unlike the app, it is more personal and responds to your questions as if a human was typing at a really fast speed.

The only downside is, to use the bots, you have to be connected to the internet. So, you can use the bot when you’re at home and the app when you’re on holiday to Barbados! (Or anywhere, really.)

How can I access the bot?

It’s easier than you think. All you need is:

That’s it! You can do this on any internet-enabled device without having to install any external apps. (If you do have the Facebook Messenger app, then go to the search box and search “homework help.” Look for the red dotted H and tap on it.)

If you don’t have the Facebook Messenger app, don’t worry. Just follow the video below:

There’s also another method on how to do it. This involves typing in the link

What homework can the bot currently help me with?

We’re still programming it at the moment, but it can currently help you with: